Health & Physical Education
School health and physical education are recognized as part of a student’s “well-rounded” education and are highlighted as 2 of the 10 school health components within the Whole School, Whole Community, and Whole Child (WSCC) model which every school should have to ensure the health, safety, and wellbeing of their students, staff and environment. ASCD and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages the use of the model as a framework for improving students' learning and health (cognitive, physical, social and emotional) in our nation's schools.
Well-designed and effective implementation of school health and physical education programs, when delivered by trained and certified health and physical educators, allows students to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to be physically fit, make health-promoting decisions, achieve health literacy, adopt health-enhancing behaviors, and promote the health of others.
Research confirms that students do better in school when they are emotionally and physically healthy. They concentrate more, achieve higher test scores, miss fewer classes, and are less likely to engage in risky or antisocial behavior. To learn more visit: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/index.htm
For more information about Health and Physical Education in Missouri, visit the tabs below.
- Health Education
- Physical Education & Physical Activity
- CPR in Schools
- Missouri Fights Opioids
- Related Links
- PD & Training
- Topic Related Resources
- Model Curriculum
- I Can Do It!
Health education provides students with experiences and opportunities to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary for making health-promoting decisions, achieving health literacy, adopting health-enhancing behaviors, and promoting the health of others. Comprehensive school health education includes curricula for students in pre-K through grade 12 that address a variety of topics such as alcohol and other drug use and abuse, healthy eating/nutrition, mental and emotional health, personal health and wellness, physical activity, safety and injury prevention, sexual health, tobacco use, and violence prevention. Health education curricula and instruction should address the National Health Education Standards (NHES) and incorporate the characteristics of an effective health education curriculum.
Health Education Resources
- National Health Education Standards – offer a coherent vision of what it means to be health literate. These Standards describe the knowledge and skills essential to the development of health literacy.
- Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) - The HECAT can help school districts, schools, and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula. It reflects current research in health education and uses science to improve health education practices.
- Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) e-Learning – this course will help participants identify components of the HECAT and use it in conjunction with a team, to conduct a review of a health education curriculum.
- Characteristics of Effective Health Education
- Missouri Health Education Grade Level Expectations
- SHAPE America Health Education Resources
- Society For Public Health Education (SOPHE)
Laws and Mandates
Senate Bill 711 – Section 170.310, RSMo - Effective August 2017
House Bill 501 – Section 170.015, RSMo – Effective August 2015
Helpful resources to assist implementation.
- Cyberbullying (definitions, prevention, and reporting)
- Anti-Cyberbullying Toolkit
- Safe Internet Surfing
- Sexting: How Teens Can Stay Safe
- Missouri Center for Education Safety
Healthy Youth Sites
- Bam! Body and Mind
- Fit WebMD
- Food Champs
- Lift-Off!’s Playground
- USDA Choose MyPlate
- Nourish Interactive
Physical Education & Physical Activity
Physical Education should not be confused with physical activity: Understanding the Difference (SHAPE America)
Physical education is a school-based instructional opportunity for students to gain the necessary knowledge, skills and behaviors for lifelong participation in physical activity. Physical education is characterized by a planned, sequential K-12 curriculum (course of study) provides cognitive content and learning experiences in a variety of activities.
Quality physical education programs assist students in achieving the national standards for K-12 physical education. The outcome of a quality physical education program is a physically educated person who has the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthful physical activity. Qualified, trained teachers teach physical education.
Physical Education Resources
- Physical Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (PECAT)
- MOAHPERD Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations
- Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations
- SHAPE America – Essential Components of Physical Education
- SHAPE America – Physical Education Teacher’s Toolbox
- NEW Overview of Brockport Physical Fitness Test
- NEW Missouri Physical Fitness Assessment Tool and Resources
- NEW Appropriate and Inappropriate Uses of Fitness Testing
- Fitness Reporting Guidance (Core Data Screen 17) – Cades Law
- Missouri Physical Fitness Award Certificate
- Presidential Youth Fitness Program
- PYFP Physical Educator Resource Guide
- NEW FITNESSGRAM /ACTIVITYGRAM Reference Guide
- FITNESSGRAM score sheet and calculator (PYFP)
- CDC – Body Mass Index (BMI) Measurement in Schools
Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Awards
- House Bill 675 (Cades Law) – Section 161.450, RSMo
- DESE Physical Fitness Award Criteria
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge 2016
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge 2015
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge 2012
Physical activity is bodily movement of any type and may include recreational, fitness and sport activities such as jumping rope, playing soccer, lifting weights, as well as daily activities such as walking to the store, taking the stairs or raking the leaves.
Opportunities to accumulate physical activity during the school day include time spent in physical education class, classroom-based movement, recess, walking or biking to school, and recreational sport and play that occurs before, during, and after school.
Benefits of regular physical activity:
- Helps build and maintain healthy bones and muscles.
- Helps reduce the risk of developing obesity and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colon cancer.
- Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety and promotes psychological well-being.
- May help improve students’ academic performance, including:
- Academic achievement and grades
- Academic behavior, such as time on task
- Factors that influence academic achievement, such as concentration and attentiveness in the classroom
Physical Activity Resources
Click here for more information from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
CPR in Schools – Bill Summary
- CPR in Schools – To meet the requirements of Section 170.310, RSMo, all Missouri school districts will ensure the following:
- The law is implemented in schools in the 2017-2018 school year and subsequent years
- As a graduation requirement, students receive 30 minutes of CPR instruction and training in the proper performance of the Heimlich maneuver or other first aid for choking
- Students with disabilities may participate to the extent appropriate as determined by the provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
- The training shall be included in the district’s health or physical education curriculum
- Instruction requires hands-on practice and skills testing to support cognitive learning. Watching a training DVD alone is not sufficient to meet the requirements of the law.
- Resources for training of these skills shall be based on a program established by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or another nationally recognized organization’s evidence-based guidelines.
- Schools may develop agreements with any local chapter of a voluntary organization of first responders to provide the required hands-on practice and skills testing.
- Verification of student performance should be recorded in the same way as the US and Missouri Constitution tests
- The training requirement for hands-only CPR is different from CPR certification. CPR certification is a more in-depth training taught by an authorized cardiopulmonary instructor required for public safety professionals, doctors, nurses, and other professions. Individuals who complete the certification training are issued CPR certification cards.
- An individual teaching hands-only CPR in the classroom does not need to be certified CPR instructors. Cards are not issued for hands-only training.
Missouri Fights Opioids
NEW Missouri Opioid Health Education Lessons and Resources
U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services (HHS) - What is the U.S. Opioid Epidemic?
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) – Opioid Misuse in Rural America
SAMHSA Opioid Overdose Prevention Toolkit:
Educational Toolkits for Safe Medication Practices (Generation RX)
House Bill No. 1568
Missouri State Resources
- Missouri Association for Health, Physical Education Recreation and Dance (MOAHPERD)
- Missouri Coordinated School Health Coalition (MCSHC)
- Missouri Council for Activity and Nutrition (MoCAN)
- Missouri Council for Adolescent and School Health (CASH)
- Action For Healthy Kids
- Alliance for a Healthier Generation
- Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE America)
- Center for Disease Control (CDC)
- CDC Virtual Healthy Schools
- Fuel Up to Play 60
- National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- Healthy People
- We Can! (NIH)
- PHE America
MHSSS Professional Development, Trainings, & Technical Assistance
A wide variety of professional development opportunities covering a variety of topics and concentrations are available for P-12 educators looking to refine and advance their practice. Professional development experiences come in many forms. See below for an assortment of offerings.
2019-2020 School Year
MISSOURI SOCIETY OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATORS (MOSHAPE)
November 8-10, 2019 - The Lodge of Four Seasons, Lake Ozark, MO
Registration and details can be found at: https://www.moahperd.org/events/convention/
2020 QUALITY HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION (QHPE) PROJECT
The Quality Health & Physical Education professional learning sessions are sponsored in a collaboration between the Missouri Regional Professional Development Centers (RPDCs) and MOAHPERD. A statement describing the content and objectives for this series of sessions will be added early in the fall of 2018. Registration and details can be found at: https://www.moahperd.org/events/workshops/
MISSOURI COORDINATED SCHOOL HEALTH CONFERENCE (MCSHC)
December 5-7, 2019 - Stoney Creek Inn, Columbia, MO
More information can be found at: http://www.healthykidsmo.org/
AMERICAN SCHOOL HEALTH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE
October 2-4, 2019 - Hyatt Regency in Cincinnati, Ohio
Registration and details can be found at: http://www.ashaweb.org/news-events/2019-school-health-conference/
SHAPE AMERICA – SOCIETY OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATORS CONVENTION
April 21-25. 2020 - Salt Lake City, Utah
More information about this conference can be found at: https://convention.shapeamerica.org/
Health & Physical Education Topic Related Resources
Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs
Physical Education & Physical Activity
K-12 Physical Education Model Curriculum Units
I Can Do It! (ICDI)
The I Can Do IT! (ICDI) Program is offered through the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (Administration for Community Living) in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education. ICDI is a voluntary school-based physical activity program designed to provide access to, facilitate and encourage opportunities for students with disabilities to be physically active for 60 minutes a day. Students can accumulate the 60 minutes through physical education, adapted physical education, recess, classroom physical activity breaks, active transport to/from school, and extracurricular activities, including a variety of club and sport activities to accomplish this goal.
I Can Do It! (ICDI) is a customizable and inclusive health promotion model aimed at transforming the lives of individuals with a disability. ICDI is centered on mentor-mentee relationships and weekly health-related goals. The ICDI Mentors and Mentees (participants with a disability ages five and over) meet weekly over 8 weeks to engage in physical activity, learn and practice healthy eating behaviors, and set health-related goals. Participants meeting all of the requirements are awarded with the Presidential Active Lifestyle Award (PALA+). For more information on PALA+, go to https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/programs-and-awards/pala/index.html.
ICDI works to achieve its objectives through the program’s three core tenets:
- MENTORING: School site personnel (teachers, paraprofessionals, therapists, counselors, etc.) guide students through physical education, physical activity, and sports opportunities and healthy eating habits;
- GOAL SETTING: School site personnel work with students on setting weekly, grading period, or semester goals
- RECOGNITION: After completing the program for a minimum of 8 weeks, students earn their PALA+ awards (certificate and patch). It is recommended that in the school setting the program is conducted all year long with an end of year awards celebration/ceremony.
For more information about I Can Do It!, go to: https://acl.gov/programs/health-wellness/icdi