Health & Physical Education
School health and physical education are recognized as part of a student’s “well-rounded” education and are highlighted as two of the ten school health components within the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model. ASCD (formerly the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages the use of the WSCC model to address health in schools and emphasizes the connection between health and academic achievement for students. To learn more about the WSCC model, click on the image.
Well-designed and effective school health and physical education programs, allow students to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to make health-promoting decisions. It is recommended that health and physical education programs be delivered by trained and certified health and physical educators. To learn more about CDC Healthy Schools visit: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/index.htm
For more information about Health and Physical Education in Missouri, visit the tabs below.
- Health Education
- Physical Education & Physical Activity
- Professional Learning
- Partner Organizations & Resources
- Model Curriculum
- I Can Do It!
- Policies & Initiatives
Health education provides students with experiences and opportunities to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to achieve health literacy.
“Health literacy is the ability to access, understand, appraise, apply and advocate for health information and services in order to maintain or enhance one's own health and the health of others.” – SHAPE America
Comprehensive school health education should address the National Health Education Standards and include curricula for students in pre-Kindergarden through grade 12 that incorporate a variety of topics such as the ones listed below:
- Alcohol, tobacco, vaping, opioids and other drug awareness
- Healthy eating and nutrition
- Social, emotional, and mental health
- Personal health and wellness
- Physical activity
- Safety and injury prevention
- Sexual health
- Violence prevention
Health Education Resources
National Health Education Standards – The NHES are written expectations for what students should know and be able to do by grades 2, 5, 8, and 12 to promote personal, family, and community health.
- Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
- Standard 2: Students will analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.
- Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid information, products, and services to enhance health.
- Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.
- Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.
- Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health.
- Standard 7: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.
- Standard 8: Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.
Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) - The HECAT can help school districts, schools, and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula. It reflects current research in health education and uses science to improve health education practices.
Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) e-Learning – this course will help participants identify components of the HECAT and use it in conjunction with a team, to conduct a review of a health education curriculum.
Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Education: Guidance and Training Materials
Pursuant to Section 170.045, RSMo, the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) developed a guidance document regarding sexual abuse training in consultation with the Missouri Task Force on the Prevention of Sexual Abuse of Children. This document may be used to help districts choose programs and resources meet the requirements of Section 170.045, RSMo.
Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs
- Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program - Electronic Cigarette Education and Cessation Resources (DHSS)
Physical Education & Physical Activity
Physical education is a school-based instructional opportunity that provides students with a planned, sequential, K-12 standards-based program of curricula designed to develop motor skills, knowledge and behaviors for active living, physical fitness, sportsmanship, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. The outcome of a quality physical education program is a physically literate individual who has the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthy physical activity.
“Physical literacy is the ability to move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities in multiple environments that benefit the healthy development of the whole person.” – SHAPE America
Physical Education Resources
SHAPE America's National Standards for K-12 Physical Education define what a student should know and be able to do as result of a quality physical education program.
- Standard 1: The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns.
- Standard 2: The physically literate individual applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies and tactics related to movement and performance.
- Standard 3: The physically literate individual demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and fitness.
- Standard 4: The physically literate individual exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others.
- Standard 5: The physically literate individual recognizes the value of physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social interaction.
- MOAHPERD Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (2016)
- Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (2007)
- Physical Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (PECAT)
- SHAPE America – Essential Components of Physical Education
- SHAPE America – Physical Education Teacher’s Toolbox
Fitness Assessment Reporting
- Appropriate and Inappropriate Uses of Fitness Testing
- Overview of Brockport Physical Fitness Test
- Fitness Reporting Guidance (Core Data Screen 17) – Cades Law
- Presidential Youth Fitness Program
- FITNESSGRAM /ACTIVITYGRAM Reference Guide
- FITNESSGRAM score sheet and calculator
- CDC – Body Mass Index (BMI) Measurement in Schools
Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Awards
- House Bill 675 (Cades Law) – Section 161.450, RSMo
- DESE Physical Fitness Award Criteria
- Missouri Physical Fitness Award Certificate
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Recognition 2016
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Recognition 2015
Physical activity is bodily movement of any type and may include recreational, fitness and sport activities such as jumping rope, playing soccer, lifting weights, as well as daily activities such as walking to the store, taking the stairs or raking the leaves.
Opportunities to accumulate physical activity during the school day include time spent in physical education class, classroom-based movement, recess, walking or biking to school, and recreational sport and play that occurs before, during, and after school.
Benefits of regular physical activity:
- Helps build and maintain healthy bones and muscles.
- Helps reduce the risk of developing obesity and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colon cancer.
- Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety and promotes psychological well-being.
- May help improve students’ academic performance, including:
- Academic achievement and grades
- Academic behavior, such as time on task
- Factors that influence academic achievement, such as concentration and attentiveness in the classroom
Physical Activity Resources
Click here for more information from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Upcoming Professional Learning
Professional development (PD) is a consciously designed, systematic process that strengthens how staff obtain, retain, and apply knowledge, skills, and attitudes.
- CDC Training and Professional Development Tools and Resources
CDC tools and resources that can be used by those who provide PD services for staff in state departments of education, state departments of health, school districts, school communities, and national organizations.
Professional Learning Library
Summer 2020 Professional Learning Series (July)
Presenter: Holly Alperin, co-author of Lesson Planning for Skills-Based Health Education
Session 1: Skills-based Health Education 101
Session 2: Distance Learning Best Practices for Skills-based Health Education
Session 3: Considerations for Reentry in Skills-based Health Education: Trauma-informed Practices
Presenters: OPEN National Trainers – Lynn Hefele, Brian Devore, Doug Hallberg, Nick Kline & Nichole Wilder
Session 1: When Technology Meets Wood and Cement – How to Build a Virtual Classroom
Session 2: COVID-19 – The Response and Future Resources from OPEN
Session 3: Pleased to Meet You! What’s Your Name?
Session 4: The SEL Physical Education Connection
Session 5: Teaching Face-to-Face with Physical and Social Distancing
Summer 2020 Virtual Learning Series (June)
The June series was conducted in partnership with the Missouri Society of Health and Physical Educators (MOSHAPE) and Missouri State University
Presenter: Brenda Goodwin
What does standards-based assessment mean and does your curriculum promote this type of assessment? How can you implement this knowledge into your classes thus promoting understanding and better execution of performance standards?
Presenter: Dr. Patrick Fine
How can we collect evidence that assures us that our students have met our learning expectations? Rubrics should be designed to formulate standards for levels of accomplishment and guide and improve performances all while making expectations clear to the students. A rubric or matrix should provide scaled levels of achievement that are fully described and help guide students to successful completion of an assigned task/skill.
Presenters: Kristi Bieri; Anna Forcelledo; Kyle Salvo
How can we implement effective and meaningful social and emotional learning throughout our curriculum? Where can we find reliable information on SEL? This webinar will help the attendee analyze and implement activities and concepts that facilitate the promotion of SEL on a daily basis, as well as how to properly assess this learning.
MOSHAPE Town Halls
Panelists: Laura Beckmann; Dr. Tom Loughery; Sean L. Nevills
This webinar features our Missouri Healthy Schools team as they discuss the published SHAPE America School Reentry Considerations: K-12 Physical Education, Health Education, and Physical Activity.
Presenter: Brad Brummel, Springfield Public Schools
This town hall meeting focuses on the development and application of online and other learning programs to meet distance learning needs in Physical Education.
Missouri State Resources
- Missouri Society of Health & Physical Educators (MOSHAPE)
- Missouri Coordinated School Health Coalition (MCSHC)
- Missouri Council for Activity and Nutrition (MoCAN)
- Missouri Council for Adolescent and School Health (CASH)
- Action For Healthy Kids
- Alliance for a Healthier Generation
- Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE America)
- Center for Disease Control (CDC)
- CDC Virtual Healthy Schools
- Fuel Up to Play 60
- National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- NIH – Ways to Enhance Children’s Activity & Nutrition (We Can!)
- Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion – HealthyPeople.gov
- Physical & Health Education America
- World Health Organization (WHO)
Model PE Curriculum (by Standards)
K-12 Physical Education Model Curriculum Units
I Can Do It! (ICDI)
The I Can Do IT! (ICDI) Program is offered through the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (Administration for Community Living) in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education. ICDI is a voluntary school-based physical activity program designed to provide access to, facilitate and encourage opportunities for students with disabilities to be physically active for 60 minutes a day. Students can accumulate the 60 minutes through physical education, adapted physical education, recess, classroom physical activity breaks, active transport to/from school, and extracurricular activities, including a variety of club and sport activities to accomplish this goal.
I Can Do It! (ICDI) is a customizable and inclusive health promotion model aimed at transforming the lives of individuals with a disability. ICDI is centered on mentor-mentee relationships and weekly health-related goals. The ICDI Mentors and Mentees (participants with a disability ages five and over) meet weekly over 8 weeks to engage in physical activity, learn and practice healthy eating behaviors, and set health-related goals. Participants meeting all of the requirements are awarded with the Presidential Active Lifestyle Award (PALA+). For more information on PALA+, go to https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/programs-and-awards/pala/index.html.
ICDI works to achieve its objectives through the program’s three core tenets:
- MENTORING: School site personnel (teachers, paraprofessionals, therapists, counselors, etc.) guide students through physical education, physical activity, and sports opportunities and healthy eating habits;
- GOAL SETTING: School site personnel work with students on setting weekly, grading period, or semester goals
- RECOGNITION: After completing the program for a minimum of 8 weeks, students earn their PALA+ awards (certificate and patch). It is recommended that in the school setting the program is conducted all year long with an end of year awards celebration/ceremony.
For more information about I Can Do It!, go to: https://acl.gov/programs/health-wellness/icdi
Policies & Initiatives
Laws and Mandates
Senate Bill 711 – Section 170.310, RSMo - Effective August 2017
House Bill 501 – Section 170.015, RSMo – Effective August 2015
Helpful resources to assist implementation.