Health & Physical Education
School health and physical education are recognized as part of a student’s “well-rounded” education and are highlighted as two of the ten school health components within the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model. ASCD (formerly the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages the use of the WSCC model to address health in schools and emphasizes the connection between health and academic achievement for students. To learn more about the WSCC model, click on the image.
Well-designed and effective school health and physical education programs, allow students to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to make health-promoting decisions. It is recommended that health and physical education programs be delivered by trained and certified health and physical educators. To learn more about CDC Healthy Schools visit: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/index.htm
For more information about Health and Physical Education in Missouri, visit the tabs below.
- Health Education
- Physical Education & Physical Activity
- CPR in Schools
- Missouri Fights Opioids
- Related Links
- PD & Training
- Topic Related Resources
- Model Curriculum
- I Can Do It!
- Partner Organizations
- Policies & Initiatives
Health education provides students with experiences and opportunities to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to achieve health literacy.
“Health literacy is the ability to access, understand, appraise, apply and advocate for health information and services in order to maintain or enhance one's own health and the health of others.” – SHAPE America
Comprehensive school health education should address the National Health Education Standards and include curricula for students in pre-Kindergarden through grade 12 that incorporate a variety of topics such as the ones listed below:
- Alcohol, tobacco, vaping, opioids and other drug awareness
- Healthy eating and nutrition
- Social, emotional, and mental health
- Personal health and wellness
- Physical activity
- Safety and injury prevention
- Sexual health
- Violence prevention
Health Education Resources
National Health Education Standards – The NHES are written expectations for what students should know and be able to do by grades 2, 5, 8, and 12 to promote personal, family, and community health.
- Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
- Standard 2: Students will analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.
- Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid information, products, and services to enhance health.
- Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.
- Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.
- Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health.
- Standard 7: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.
- Standard 8: Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.
Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) - The HECAT can help school districts, schools, and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula. It reflects current research in health education and uses science to improve health education practices.
Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) e-Learning – this course will help participants identify components of the HECAT and use it in conjunction with a team, to conduct a review of a health education curriculum.
Physical Education & Physical Activity
Physical education is a school-based instructional opportunity that provides students with a planned, sequential, K-12 standards-based program of curricula designed to develop motor skills, knowledge and behaviors for active living, physical fitness, sportsmanship, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. The outcome of a quality physical education program is a physically literate individual who has the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthy physical activity.
“Physical literacy is the ability to move with competence and confidence in a wide variety of physical activities in multiple environments that benefit the healthy development of the whole person.” – SHAPE America
Physical Education Resources
SHAPE America's National Standards for K-12 Physical Education define what a student should know and be able to do as result of a quality physical education program.
- Standard 1: The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns.
- Standard 2: The physically literate individual applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies and tactics related to movement and performance.
- Standard 3: The physically literate individual demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and fitness.
- Standard 4: The physically literate individual exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others.
- Standard 5: The physically literate individual recognizes the value of physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social interaction.
- MOAHPERD Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (2016)
- Missouri Physical Education Grade Level Expectations (2007)
- Physical Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (PECAT)
- SHAPE America – Essential Components of Physical Education
- SHAPE America – Physical Education Teacher’s Toolbox
Fitness Assessment Reporting
- Appropriate and Inappropriate Uses of Fitness Testing
- Overview of Brockport Physical Fitness Test
- Fitness Reporting Guidance (Core Data Screen 17) – Cades Law
- Presidential Youth Fitness Program
- FITNESSGRAM /ACTIVITYGRAM Reference Guide
- FITNESSGRAM score sheet and calculator
- CDC – Body Mass Index (BMI) Measurement in Schools
Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Awards
- House Bill 675 (Cades Law) – Section 161.450, RSMo
- DESE Physical Fitness Award Criteria
- Missouri Physical Fitness Award Certificate
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Recognition 2016
- Missouri Physical Fitness Challenge Recognition 2015
Physical activity is bodily movement of any type and may include recreational, fitness and sport activities such as jumping rope, playing soccer, lifting weights, as well as daily activities such as walking to the store, taking the stairs or raking the leaves.
Opportunities to accumulate physical activity during the school day include time spent in physical education class, classroom-based movement, recess, walking or biking to school, and recreational sport and play that occurs before, during, and after school.
Benefits of regular physical activity:
- Helps build and maintain healthy bones and muscles.
- Helps reduce the risk of developing obesity and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colon cancer.
- Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety and promotes psychological well-being.
- May help improve students’ academic performance, including:
- Academic achievement and grades
- Academic behavior, such as time on task
- Factors that influence academic achievement, such as concentration and attentiveness in the classroom
Physical Activity Resources
Click here for more information from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
CPR in Schools – Bill Summary
- CPR in Schools – To meet the requirements of Section 170.310, RSMo, all Missouri school districts will ensure the following:
- The law is implemented in schools in the 2017-2018 school year and subsequent years
- As a graduation requirement, students receive 30 minutes of CPR instruction and training in the proper performance of the Heimlich maneuver or other first aid for choking
- Students with disabilities may participate to the extent appropriate as determined by the provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
- The training shall be included in the district’s health or physical education curriculum
- Instruction requires hands-on practice and skills testing to support cognitive learning. Watching a training DVD alone is not sufficient to meet the requirements of the law.
- Resources for training of these skills shall be based on a program established by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or another nationally recognized organization’s evidence-based guidelines.
- Schools may develop agreements with any local chapter of a voluntary organization of first responders to provide the required hands-on practice and skills testing.
- Verification of student performance should be recorded in the same way as the US and Missouri Constitution tests
- The training requirement for hands-only CPR is different from CPR certification. CPR certification is a more in-depth training taught by an authorized cardiopulmonary instructor required for public safety professionals, doctors, nurses, and other professions. Individuals who complete the certification training are issued CPR certification cards.
- An individual teaching hands-only CPR in the classroom does not need to be certified CPR instructors. Cards are not issued for hands-only training.
Missouri Fights Opioids
NEW Missouri Opioid Health Education Lessons and Resources
U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services (HHS) - What is the U.S. Opioid Epidemic?
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) – Opioid Misuse in Rural America
SAMHSA Opioid Overdose Prevention Toolkit:
Educational Toolkits for Safe Medication Practices (Generation RX)
House Bill No. 1568
Missouri State Resources
- Missouri Association for Health, Physical Education Recreation and Dance (MOAHPERD)
- Missouri Coordinated School Health Coalition (MCSHC)
- Missouri Council for Activity and Nutrition (MoCAN)
- Missouri Council for Adolescent and School Health (CASH)
- Action For Healthy Kids
- Alliance for a Healthier Generation
- Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE America)
- Center for Disease Control (CDC)
- CDC Virtual Healthy Schools
- Fuel Up to Play 60
- National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- Healthy People
- We Can! (NIH)
- PHE America
MHSSS Professional Development, Trainings, & Technical Assistance
A wide variety of professional development opportunities covering a variety of topics and concentrations are available for P-12 educators looking to refine and advance their practice. Professional development experiences come in many forms. See below for an assortment of offerings.
2019-2020 School Year
MISSOURI SOCIETY OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATORS (MOSHAPE)
November 8-10, 2019 - The Lodge of Four Seasons, Lake Ozark, MO
Registration and details can be found at: https://www.moahperd.org/events/convention/
2020 QUALITY HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION (QHPE) PROJECT
The Quality Health & Physical Education professional learning sessions are sponsored in a collaboration between the Missouri Regional Professional Development Centers (RPDCs) and MOAHPERD. A statement describing the content and objectives for this series of sessions will be added early in the fall of 2018. Registration and details can be found at: https://www.moahperd.org/events/workshops/
MISSOURI COORDINATED SCHOOL HEALTH CONFERENCE (MCSHC)
December 5-7, 2019 - Stoney Creek Inn, Columbia, MO
More information can be found at: http://www.healthykidsmo.org/
AMERICAN SCHOOL HEALTH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE
October 2-4, 2019 - Hyatt Regency in Cincinnati, Ohio
Registration and details can be found at: http://www.ashaweb.org/news-events/2019-school-health-conference/
SHAPE AMERICA – SOCIETY OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATORS CONVENTION
April 21-25. 2020 - Salt Lake City, Utah
More information about this conference can be found at: https://convention.shapeamerica.org/
Health & Physical Education Topic Related Resources
Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs
Physical Education & Physical Activity
K-12 Physical Education Model Curriculum Units
I Can Do It! (ICDI)
The I Can Do IT! (ICDI) Program is offered through the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (Administration for Community Living) in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education. ICDI is a voluntary school-based physical activity program designed to provide access to, facilitate and encourage opportunities for students with disabilities to be physically active for 60 minutes a day. Students can accumulate the 60 minutes through physical education, adapted physical education, recess, classroom physical activity breaks, active transport to/from school, and extracurricular activities, including a variety of club and sport activities to accomplish this goal.
I Can Do It! (ICDI) is a customizable and inclusive health promotion model aimed at transforming the lives of individuals with a disability. ICDI is centered on mentor-mentee relationships and weekly health-related goals. The ICDI Mentors and Mentees (participants with a disability ages five and over) meet weekly over 8 weeks to engage in physical activity, learn and practice healthy eating behaviors, and set health-related goals. Participants meeting all of the requirements are awarded with the Presidential Active Lifestyle Award (PALA+). For more information on PALA+, go to https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/programs-and-awards/pala/index.html.
ICDI works to achieve its objectives through the program’s three core tenets:
- MENTORING: School site personnel (teachers, paraprofessionals, therapists, counselors, etc.) guide students through physical education, physical activity, and sports opportunities and healthy eating habits;
- GOAL SETTING: School site personnel work with students on setting weekly, grading period, or semester goals
- RECOGNITION: After completing the program for a minimum of 8 weeks, students earn their PALA+ awards (certificate and patch). It is recommended that in the school setting the program is conducted all year long with an end of year awards celebration/ceremony.
For more information about I Can Do It!, go to: https://acl.gov/programs/health-wellness/icdi
Policies & Initiatives
Laws and Mandates
Senate Bill 711 – Section 170.310, RSMo - Effective August 2017
House Bill 501 – Section 170.015, RSMo – Effective August 2015
Helpful resources to assist implementation.