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Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) and Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIP)

  • Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is a process to identify the function of a student's behavior. The information collected during the FBA process  should be used to create effective behavior intervention supports and plans.
  • Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIP) are detailed plans that include data gathered during the FBA such as function, frequency, severity, consequence, etc. The BIP also includes specific information regarding the target behavior, behavior goals, etc. In addition, steps are proposed to decrease occurrences of inappropriate behavior and to increase occurrences of desired or replacement behaviors. The plan should also include information on progress monitoring and review of the plan.
  • Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is a plan or program developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives specialized instruction and related services. (34 CFR 300.320)
  • Local Education Agency – includes all public school districts but also describes supervisory districts and local government cooperative service providers that span multiple school districts.
National Resources
Standards & Indicators

Please note that these referenced indicators pertain ONLY to students with current IEPs.
Special Education Standards and Indicators (August 2019)

State Resources
Slideshow Description
Part 1-Overview of Function Based Thinking
The purpose of this slideshow is to familiarize practitioners with the language and process of FBAs and BIPs in general education tiered support as well as education.
Part 2-Conducting a Functional Behavior Assessment or FBA
The purpose of this slideshow is to familiarize practitioners with the four-step process of conducting a Functional Behavioral Assessment, allow practitioners the opportunity to practice the process.
Part 3-Behavior Intervention Plan
The purpose of this slideshow is to understand how to use the information gathered in the FBA to plan strategies to improve behavior.
Part 4-Ongoing Monitoring of the Plan
The purpose of this slideshow is to develop an understanding of the purpose of collecting data to monitor the implementation of the behavior plan.