Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) and Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIP)
- Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is a process to identify the function of a student's behavior. The information collected during the FBA process should be used to create effective behavior intervention supports and plans.
- Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIP) are detailed plans that include data gathered during the FBA such as function, frequency, severity, consequence, etc. The BIP also includes specific information regarding the target behavior, behavior goals, etc. In addition, steps are proposed to decrease occurrences of inappropriate behavior and to increase occurrences of desired or replacement behaviors. The plan should also include information on progress monitoring and review of the plan.
- Independent Educational Evaluation (IEE) When an evaluation is conducted in accordance with 34 CFR §§300.304 through 300.311 and a parent disagrees with the evaluation because a child was not assessed in a particular area, the parent has the right to request an IEE to assess the child in that area to determine whether the child has a disability and the nature and extent of the special education and related services that child needs. (20 U.S.C. §1415(b)(1) of the IDEA and its implementing regulations).
Wright's Law states that parents of a child with a disability have a right to obtain an IEE. 34 C.F.R. 300.502(a)(1). An IEE is broadly defined as "an evaluation conducted by a qualified examiner who is not employed by the public agency responsible for the education of the child in question." 34 C.F.R. 300.502(a)(3)(i). An IEE may be obtained by parents at their own expense or at public expense as explained later in this article.
An IEE is not limited to evaluating only a child's academic or cognitive skills, but may include the evaluation of any skill related to the child's educational needs. Evaluations of neurological functioning, adapted physical education, sensory needs, behavior, aquatics, even music therapy, are but a few examples of the types of IEEs covered under the IDEA. Parents may obtain an IEE, for virtually any purpose if it impacts the child's education.
- Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is a plan or program developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives specialized instruction and related services. (34 CFR 300.320)
- Local Educational Agency – includes all public school districts but also describes supervisory districts and local government cooperative service providers that span multiple school districts.
- Positive Behavioral Intervention Plan (BPIP)
Response to questions from the webinar (Please check back for information announcing the webinar).
Please note that these referenced indicators pertain ONLY to students with current IEPs.
- Acronym List - U.S. Department of Education
- Adapted Functional Assessment Checklist for Teachers and Staff
- Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence (ABC) Observation Form
- Federal Regulations
- Functional Assessment Checklist and Person-Centered Planning
- Functional Behavior Assessment Teacher-Staff Interview
- Safety and Crisis Planning
- Standards and Indicators
- Wrightslaw Newsletter