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Unit 3: The Ancient Ones

Missouri's Oldest Cultures

Listed below are possible research or discussion topics, online lesson plans, resources and other materials.  As you look through this list please consider that this series can work for grades 4-12, with an emphasis on 7th grade. Also consider that the series will be used with different purposes for different grade levels. This is by no means a complete list of resources, and we cannot guarantee the life span and quality of the web site addresses.

Watch video via YouTube  | Transcript

Possible Research Topics

  • Agricultural societies
  • The Mastodon State Park
  • Native American burial mounds
  • Archeologist Gerard Fowke  (1865-1933)
  • Miller Cave
  • The Paleoindian Period
  • Climate changes
  • The Mississippian Period
  • Pottery
  • Disappearance of Missouri's Native American Mound structures
  • St. Louis Academy of Science
  • Early tools
  • Native Americans
  • The Woodland Period
  • Glaciers


  • Indians and Archaeology of Missouri
    Chapman, Carol Haley
    University of Missouri Press
    Columbia, MO
  • Cat Monsters and Head Pots: The Archaeology of Missouri’s Pemiscot Bayou
    O’Brien, Michael J.
    University of Missouri Press
    Columbia, MO
  • Prehistory of Missouri
    O’Brien, Michael J.; and Wood, Raymond W.
    University of Missouri Press
    Columbia, MO

Online Resources

Lesson Plans