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Missouri Healthy Schools, Successful Students (MHSSS)

Missouri Healthy Schools, Success-Ready Students (MHSSS)

Evidence shows that the health of students is strongly linked to their success in school. Healthy students are better on all levels of academic achievement – academic performance (class grades, standardized tests, graduation rates), education behavior (attendance, dropout rates, and behavioral problems in schools, and cognitive skills and attitudes (concentration, memory, and mood). The healthy development of children and adolescents is influenced by many societal institutions.Students spend much of their time at school, making it an ideal setting to teach and model healthy behaviors. School health programs and policies has proven to be one of the most efficient means to prevent or reduce risk behaviors and prevent serious health problems among students. Schools can reduce how often students are absent, experience behavioral problems, and achieve higher school-wide test scores and grades by implementing strategies to help students stay healthy. School health has four interrelated goals shown below:

  • Improve health knowledge, attitudes, and skills 
  • Improve health behaviors and health outcomes
  • Improve educational outcomes
  • Improve social outcomes

These goals are most effectively and efficiently achieved when all the goals are addressed simultaneously through a coordinated approach requiring action from the entire community – state public health education agencies, school districts, parents, and students. Evidence-based strategies, tools, and resources to promote healthy behaviors in young people and to create a healthy school environment can be found on the CDC Healthy Schools website. By all stakeholders working together, we can ensure that our youth are healthy and ready to learn. 


Resources

 

Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC)

The Whole Child

School's, health agencies, parents and communities share a common goal of supporting the health and academic achievement of adolescents. Research shows that the health of students is linked to their academic achievement.  Schools are recognized as a perfect setting for this collaboration and most efficient for providing health services and programs to children and youth, as approximately 95 percent of all U.S. children and youth attend school. The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model emphasizes a systems approach that works together integrating health services and programs more deeply into the day-to-day life of schools and students to raise academic achievement and improve learning. To learn more visit:

 

Health Education

National Health Education Standards

The National Health Education Standards (NHES) were developed to establish, promote, and support health-enhancing behaviors for students in all grade levels—from pre-Kindergarten through grade 12. The NHES provide a framework for teachers, administrators, and policy makers in designing or selecting curricula, allocating instructional resources, and assessing student achievement and progress. Importantly, the standards provide students, families and communities with concrete expectations for health education.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/sher/standards/index.htm

Health Education - Missouri Learning Standards 

Assessing School Health

Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT)

The Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) is an assessment tool to help school districts, schools, and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula based on the National Health Education Standards and CDC’s Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/hecat/index.htm

Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum

An effective health education curriculum has the following characteristics according to reviews of effective programs and curricula and experts in the field. In addition to the NHES framework, administrators, teachers, and policy makers should also take into account the characteristics of an effective health education curriculum.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/sher/characteristics/index.htm 

 

Physical Education and Physical Activity 

Schools are in a unique position to help students attain the nationally recommended 60 minutes or more of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity daily. Regular physical activity in childhood and adolescence is important for promoting lifelong health and well-being and preventing various health conditions.

Physical Education

Physical education is the foundation of a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program. It is an academic subject characterized by a planned, sequential K–12 curriculum (course of study) that is based on the national standards for physical education. Physical education provides cognitive content and instruction designed to develop motor skills, knowledge, and behaviors for physical activity and physical fitness. Supporting schools to establish physical education daily can provide students with the ability and confidence to be physically active for a lifetime.

Missouri Physical Education Standards and Grade-Level Expectations

Assessing Physical Education

Physical Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (PECAT)

This PECAT is a self-assessment and planning guide developed by CDC. It is designed to help school districts and schools conduct clear, complete, and consistent analyses of physical education curricula based upon national physical education standards.

Physical Activity During School – Recess

Physical Activity During School – Classroom

Classroom brain breaks are research-based and their efficacy has been scientifically proven. Brain Breaks are a quick and effective way of changing or focusing the physical and mental state of the learners in your group. They are a useful tool to use to help activate, energize and stimulate the brain that improves students’ concentration and relieve stress. The most effective brain breaks incorporate some level of physical movement in order to stimulate neurological pathways and help both hemispheres of the brain work together.  Students should have a kinesthetic brain break every 25-30 minutes. Brain break activities do take about 1-3 minutes of class time to complete; however, the efficiency of our students goes up when brain breaks are incorporated. Brain breaks are refreshing for both students and teachers. 

Physical Activity Before and After School

 

Nutrition Environment and Services

Most US children attend school for 6 hours a day and consume as much as half of their daily calories at school. The school nutrition environment and services are part of the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model and can help shape lifelong healthy eating behaviors. Schools can implement policies and practices to create a nutrition environment that supports students in making healthy choices. A healthy school nutrition environment provides students with nutritious and appealing foods and beverages, consistent and accurate messages about good nutrition, and ways to learn about and practice healthy eating throughout the time children spend on school grounds—including before- and after-school.

Employee Wellness and Health Promotion

Schools can provide opportunities for school staff members to improve their health status through activities such as health assessments, health education, and health-related fitness activities. These opportunities encourage staff members to pursue a healthy lifestyle that contributes to their improved health status, improved morale, and a greater personal commitment to the school's overall coordinated health program. This personal commitment often transfers into greater commitment to the health of students and creates positive role modeling. Health promotion activities have improved productivity, decreased absenteeism, and reduced health insurance costs.

Managing Health Conditions


For students with chronic health conditions, school nurses and other health care providers play a large role in the daily management of their conditions. School health services staff are there to provide coordination of care and overall support.

School Health Services

School health services staff can help all students with preventive care such as flu shots and vision and hearing screening, as well as acute and emergency care. Qualified professionals such as school nurses, nurse practitioners, dentists, health educators, physicians, physician assistants, and allied health personnel provide these services. School health services uses various methods to support students.

Chronic Health Conditions

About 25% of children in the United States aged 2 to 8 years have a chronic health condition such as asthma, obesity, other physical conditions, and behavior/learning problems.1 Ensuring that students have the health services they need in school to manage their chronic condition is important in helping them stay healthy and ready to learn—therefore, CDC works to improve the delivery of health services in the school environment for students of all ages.

Missouri Health Information and Resources

  • DESE Student Health and Wellness
  • MO School Nurse Link – School nurses can easily navigate this site to find information to support care of students, especially those with chronic conditions. This link connects to all schools (public, charter and private with resources offered by Medicaid health plans in Missouri. Together, these plans cover about 500,000 children across the state, located in every community.CDC School Health Services
  • Click here for listing of MO Local Public Health Agencies
  • Click here for MO School Health (DHSS)
  • MO Kids Count Data

Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services

Counseling, Psychological, and Social Services

These services are provided to improve students’ mental, emotional, and social health and include individual and group assessments, interventions, and referrals. Organizational assessment and consultation skills of counselors and psychologists contribute not only to the health of students but also to the health of the school environment. Professionals such as certified school counselors, psychologists, and social workers provide these services.

School-Based Health

Physical Environment & Social-Emotional Climate

Physical Environment

A healthy and safe physical school environment promotes learning by ensuring the health and safety of students and staff. The physical school environment encompasses the school building and its contents, the land on which the school is located, and the area surrounding it. A healthy school environment addresses any biological or chemical agents that are detrimental to health, as well as the physical conditions such as temperature, noise, lighting or any other physical threats to protect all occupants.

Social and Emotional Climate

School climate refers to the psychosocial aspects of students’ educational experience that influences their social and emotional development. The climate of a school can impact student engagement in school activities; relationships with other students, staff, family, and community; and academic performance. A positive social and emotional school climate is a supportive learning environment that promotes health, growth, and development.

Missouri Green Schools (MGS) 

Family & Community Engagement

Family Engagement

An integrated school and parent approach can enhance the health and well-being of students. Schools actively solicit parent involvement to respond more effectively to the health-related needs of students.

Community Involvement

School health advisory councils, coalitions, and broadly based constituencies for school health can build support for school health program efforts.  Community based efforts also engage resources and services within schools.

State Health Data

Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)

The Missouri Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is conducted as part of a national effort by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) to monitor students’ health-risk behaviors in six priority areas. These six areas include injury and violence, alcohol and drug use, tobacco use, nutrition, physical activity, and sexual risk behaviors. These risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the U.S.

​Missouri has been administering the YRBS since 1995. The survey is voluntary and is administered to a randomly selected sample of middle and high school students across the state.

For more information regarding the YRBS and for national, state, and large city survey results, please visit the CDC website.

Following are the results from the 2017 Missouri High School YRBS followed by the 2015 Middle and High School YRBS and Youth Tobacco Survey.​

School Health Profiles

The School Health Profiles (Profiles) is a system of surveys developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assess school health policies and programs in states and large urban school districts. The Profiles survey is conducted in Missouri biennially among middle and high school principals and lead health education teachers.

Profiles monitor the current status of:

  • School health education requirements and content
  • Physical education requirements
  • Health services
  • Nutrition-related policies and practices
  • Family and community involvement in school health programs
  • School health policies on HIV and AIDS prevention, tobacco-use prevention, violence prevention, and physical activity
  • Professional preparation and staff development for lead health education teachers

Profiles data is used to:

  • Compare school health policies and programs across the state
  • Identify health education topics and skills that are taught
  • Identify topics for staff development
  • Improve school health programs and policies
  • Determine how well schools address the health and safety needs of their students

The following are the results from the 2016 School Health Profiles.

To access more information on School Health Profiles released, click here

Use the links below to access state data:

MHS Team and Services

MHS In Action

MHSSS Professional Development, Trainings, & Technical Assistance

A wide variety of professional development opportunities covering a variety of topics and concentrations are available for P-12 educators looking to refine and advance their practice. Professional development experiences come in many forms. See below for an assortment of offerings.
 

2019-2020 School Year

MISSOURI SOCIETY OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATORS (MOSHAPE)

November 8-10, 2019 - The Lodge of Four Seasons, Lake Ozark, MO
Registration and details can be found at: https://www.moahperd.org/events/convention/ 
 

2020 QUALITY HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION (QHPE) PROJECT

The Quality Health & Physical Education professional learning sessions are sponsored in a collaboration between the Missouri Regional Professional Development Centers (RPDCs) and MOAHPERD.  A statement describing the content and objectives for this series of sessions will be added early in the fall of 2018. Registration and details can be found at: https://www.moahperd.org/events/workshops/

MISSOURI COORDINATED SCHOOL HEALTH CONFERENCE (MCSHC)

December 5-7, 2019 - Stoney Creek Inn, Columbia, MO
More information can be found at:  http://www.healthykidsmo.org/ 
 

AMERICAN SCHOOL HEALTH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE

October 2-4, 2019 - Hyatt Regency in Cincinnati, Ohio
Registration and details can be found at: http://www.ashaweb.org/news-events/2019-school-health-conference/

SHAPE AMERICA – SOCIETY OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATORS CONVENTION

April 21-25. 2020 - Salt Lake City, Utah
More information about this conference can be found at: https://convention.shapeamerica.org/

Local Wellness Policy

Local Wellness Policy (LWP)

A local school wellness policy (wellness policy) is a written document that guides a local educational agency (LEA) or school district’s efforts to create supportive school nutrition and physical activity environments. This is important because each local education agency participating in federal Child Nutrition Programs, including the National School Lunch Program or the School Breakfast Program, is required to develop and implement a wellness policy.

Effective wellness policies support a culture of health within a school community by establishing practices and procedures that make the healthy choice the easy choice for students, staff, and families.

Missouri School Board Association (MSBA)

Missouri Consultants for Education (MCE)

School Health Guidelines

CDC integrated research and best practices related to promoting healthy eating and physical activity in schools, culminating in the School Health Guidelines. There are 9 School Health Guidelines that serve as the foundation for developing, implementing, and evaluating school-based healthy eating and physical activity policies and practices for students.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/npao/strategies.htm

Assessing School Wellness Policy and Practices

Schools can use tools to self-assess school health policies and practices. Schools can benefit from these assessments that help identify strengths and weaknesses, and give insight on creating effective action plans for improving student health.

Resources for Implementation