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Missouri Schools for the Severely Disabled

Supplementary Aids and Services and Modifications and Accommodations

IDEA defines supplementary aids and services as aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other education-related settings to enable children with disabilities to be educated with non-disabled children to the maximum extent appropriate in accordance with IDEA.  Some examples include: 

Modifications and accommodations are usually thought of as changes made to the content and performance expectations or educational environment for students so that the child can access the general education curriculum.  They may include but not be limited to: 

For a more comprehensive list of examples, please refer to IEP Attachment F Modifications and Accomodations form.

There may frequently be times when services or materials/equipment could be classified as appropriately in one category as another.  It is important to note that the amount of time must be specified for supplementary aids and services and the frequency, location, and duration must be shown for both of the above categories.  Generally, supplementary aids and services are necessary to help the student remain in the regular education environment and modifications and accommodations are often adaptations to the environment or curriculum, changes in performance expectations, or specialized equipment that helps the child access the general education curriculum.

There may not always be a right place or a wrong place to document these things, but if there is an amount of time that is regularly expected for the service or device to be provided, it should be shown in supplementary aids and services.  For example, consultation should generally be shown under supplementary aids and services.