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Terms and Acronyms

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ABA - Applied Behavior Analysis

ADA - Americans with Disabilities Act

Adaptive Development/Self-Help - Skills such as feeding and dressing that children develop which allow them to take care of themselves and become independent

Advocate - Someone who takes action to help someone else

Annual Review - Annual assessment of the goals and objectives of an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) at which time appropriate revisions are made based on the child's progress and developmental/educational needs

APR - Annual Performance Report

Assessment - Ongoing process used by appropriate, qualified personnel to determine the child's unique needs and capabilities throughout the period of eligibility for early intervention services

Assistive Technology - Design, and training for use, of equipment and devices to help a child overcome or adapt to special needs (e.g., communication devices, walkers, special spoons or bowls)

Audiology Services - Services related to a person's ability to hear; such services provided by an audiologist may include a hearing evaluation as well as special equipment (e.g., hearing aid)

Atypical Development - Unusual development of behavior or emotional skills, such as unusual ways of interacting with toys or people, not being able to pay attention or becoming easily frustrated

Autism - Developmental disability which appears during infancy or childhood and which is behaviorally defined to include disturbances in the following:  developmental rates; responses to sensory stimuli; speech, language and cognitive capacities; and capacities to relate to people, events, and objects

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SHCN - Special Health Care Needs (DHSS)

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CFO - Central Finance Office

Child Count - Unduplicated count of students receiving special education services; includes students served by the district in their local programs and those students served through contractual agreement with another school district or approved private agency (due in December)

CHIP - Children's Health Insurance Program

CISE - Center for Innovations in Education (formerly Center for Innovations in Special Education)

CMS - Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (formerly HCFA, Health Care Financing Administration)

Cognitive Development - Thinking and learning skills a child needs to understand and respond to other people, explore and understand the environment, and use objects in a meaningful way

Communication Development - Skills that children develop that allow them to tell others what they think, feel, want, or need; signs and gestures (e.g., looking, pointing) and speaking are means of communication

Comparable Services - Assurance that services provided directly by DESE to students with disabilities are comparable to services provided by local school districts

Concerns - Areas that family members identify as needs, issues, or problems they want to address as part of the IFSP

Confidentiality - A right to limit those who may be allowed to see information and records about a child or family

Consent - Signature of parent/guardian indicating agreement with and approval for initial evaluation and initial placement; always voluntary and may be revoked at any time; one can always choose not to agree to some services and to agree to others; informed consent means that a person has been given all the information needed to make a decision

Counseling - Advice, help or support given by a qualified person (usually someone specially trained to do this)

CP - Cerebral palsy

CQA - Continuous Quality Assurance

CQI - Continuous Quality Improvement

CSIP - Comprehensive School Improvement Program

CSPD - Comprehensive System of Personnel Development

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DD - Developmental delay; developmental disability; see definition

Deaf/Blind - Disability in which visual and hearing impairment occur concomitantly

DESE - Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

Developmental Delay - When a child's growth or skill development is not that of most other children the same age

DFS - Division of Family Services

Diagnostic Summary - Written synthesis of information regarding all areas of functioning, as derived from the evaluation and diagnostic staffing conference

Disability - Impairment associated with a person's limitations in everyday activities

DMH - Department of Mental Health

DHSS - Department of Health and Senior Services

DSE - Division of Special Education

DSS - Department of Social Services

Due Process - Legal proceedings to resolve disagreements regarding the evaluation, identification, or placement of students with disabilities.  Example questions:  "Did the school district comply with due process procedures?"; "Did the district offer an appropriate program?"

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E&A - Evaluation and Assessment

Early Childhood Special Education - Special education programs designed for children diagnosed as disabled and who are within two years of eligibility for kindergarten

Early Intervention Services - Services to help families with young children, age birth to 3 years, with special needs

ECSE - Early Childhood Special Education (Part B services for ages 3-5 of IDEA); see definition

ED - Emotional disturbance; emotional disorder

EI - Early Intervention

EEPCD - U.S. Department of Education's Early Education Program for Children with Disabilities

Eligibility Criteria - Standards used to classify a child's disabling condition; criteria are specified for each condition/category

EP - Effective Practices (Section of the MO Division of Special Education at DESE)

ESEA - Elementary and Secondary Education Act

ESL - English as a Second Language

ESY - Extended School Year

Evaluation - Implementation of the assessment procedures as specified in the individual evaluation plan and notice for evaluation; determination of a child's current level of functioning

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Family Therapist - Specialist trained to provide psychological counseling to families to resolve conflicts or problems they are encountering

Family Training - Includes services provided, as appropriate, by qualified personnel to assist the family of an eligible child in understanding the special needs of the child and enhancing the child's development

FAPE - Free Appropriate Public Education

FERPA - Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

Fine Motor Development - Skills children develop that rely on their small muscles (e.g., holding materials, turning knobs, snapping buttons)

FICC - Federal Interagency Coordinating Council

FS - First Steps

FTE - Full Time Equivalent

FY - Fiscal Year

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Gross Motor Development - Skills children develop that rely on their large muscles (e.g., crawling, sitting, walking)

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Health Services - Service related to the medical field that helps a child benefit from the other early intervention services he/she is receiving

HI - Hearing Impaired

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IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (Includes Part B, ages 3-21, and Part C, ages birth-3, Missouri's First Steps Program); see definition

IEP - Individualized Education Plan (Part B requirement for special education services); see definition

IFB - Invitation for Bid

IFSP - Individualized Family Service Plan (individualized plan required as part of First Steps); for more information, see MO IFSP page

IHP - Individualized Habilitation Plan (individualized plan required for DMR/DD services)

Independent Evaluation - Evaluation obtained by an agency other than the school district

Individualized Education Program (IEP) (Part B) - Written document developed for each identified, eligible student with disabilities which includes: present level of performance; goals and objectives; criteria for measuring achievement; amount and type of special education and participation in regular education; dates of initiation and duration of services; and signatures of IEP team participants

Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) (Part C) - Written plan that is developed by a multidisciplinary team that includes the family; based on family concerns, priorities, resources, and the child's present level of functioning; see MO IFSP page

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) - Federal law that requires early intervention and special education and related services for children birth to age 21 years

Interagency Agreements - Agreements with other agencies and local districts to provide special education and/or related services

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Language Disorder - Reduced ability to comprehend or express ideas via spoken, written, or gestural language; disorders of form, content, and/or function

LD - Learning Disability

LEA - Local Education Agency (local school district)

Lead Agency - Agency within a state in charge of overseeing and coordinating early intervention services; in Missouri, the lead agency for services to children from birth to age 3 and their families is the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE)

Learning Disability - Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations

Least Restrictive Environment - Practice of educating children with disabilities along with children who do not have disabilities in regular classrooms, "to the maximum extent possible"; impediments to learning and to the normal functioning of children in the regular school environment shall be overcome whenever practicable by the provision of special aids and services rather than by separate schooling for the disabled; required in Part B; language in Part C legislation is "natural environment"

LRE - Least Restrictive Environment; see definition

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Mandated - Required by law to be provided to eligible persons and families

MAP - Missouri Assessment Program

MAP-A - Missouri Assessment Program-Alternate

MAPE - Missouri Association of Paraprofessionals in Education

MDT - Multidisciplinary team

Medical Services - Services provided by a licensed physician to determine a child's developmental status and need for early intervention services

Mental Retardation - significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning associated with concurrent deficits in adaptive behavior which adversely affects educational performance

MH - Mental handicap; mentally handicapped

MI - Mental illness

MPACT - Missouri Parents Act (parent training and information organization)

MOHSAIC - Missouri Health Strategic Architectures and Information Cooperative

Monitoring - On-site verification of the district's compliance with PL 94-142, conducted by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE)

MO-SPAN - Missouri Statewide Parent Advisory Network

MR - Mental Retardation/Mentally retarded

MR/DD - Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities

MSB - Missouri School for the Blind

MSD - Missouri School for the Deaf

MSIP - Missouri School Improvement Program

Multidisciplinary Evaluation - Assessment of various areas affecting educational performance; such assessment requires evaluation/input from various disciplines

Multidisciplinary Team - Required members of an evaluation team: one person qualified to conduct individual diagnostic evaluations, one regular classroom teacher, one specialist knowledgeable in the area of the suspected disability, other specialists as needed

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NAEYC - National Association for the Education of Young Children

NASDSE  - National Association of State Directors of Special Education

Natural Environment - Community setting typical for same-age peers without disabilities; may include, but are not limited to, the child's home, play group, and child care facilities; see "Least Restrictive Environment"

NCCIP - National Center for Clinical Infant Programs/ZERO TO THREE

NCLB - No Child Left Behind

NE - Natural Environment

NECTAC - National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center

NICU - Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Notice/Consent - Written notification provided to parents/guardians regarding a district's intent to evaluate, place, or change placement, and the parental/guardian consent for such action

NPA - No Provider Available

Nursing Services - Services that must meet the developmental needs of the child and may not be solely medical in nature

Nutritional Services - Services that address a child's need for an adequate diet of food and drink that promotes good growth and development provided by a registered dietitian

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OA - Office of Administration (usually state)

Occupational Therapy - Services provided by a qualified occupational therapist that helps children develop fine motor skills; can be provided in a variety of settings and ways

On-site Verification - Written evidence of the school district's compliance with regulations; see also Monitoring

OSEDA - Office of Social and Economic Data Analysis

OSEP - Office of Special Education Programs

OSERS - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

OT - Occupational Therapy; occupational therapist; see definition

Outcome - Statement of the changes that family members want to see for their child or themselves

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PARA - Paraprofessionals (classroom instructional assistants, aids)

Part B - Special education for ages 3-21

Part C - A component of IDEA that allows states to establish a system of early intervention services for children with special needs from birth to age 3 and their families; First Steps

PAT - Parents As Teachers

Physical Development - Skills that children develop that rely on their physical abilities (e.g., moving, seeing, hearing)

Physical Therapy - Services provided by qualified physical therapists that help children develop gross motor skills; these services can be provided in a variety of settings

PKU - Phenylketonuria

P.L. 94-142 - Federal Public Law passed in 1976, mandated free and appropriate education for children ages 5-21 who are eligible for special education.  Later the law was amended to include children from 3-21.

P.L. 99-457 - Federal Public Law passed in 1986, provides for birth to 3 early intervention services

P.L. 102-119 - Federal Public Law; in 1991, it amended P.L. 99-457

Priorities - A family's choice as to what extent early intervention will be in the family's life; what is most important to the family

Prior Notice - Parents must receive written notice before the public agency or service provider proposes or refuses to initiate or change the identification, evaluation, or placement of a child or the provision of early intervention services to a child and a child's family

Procedural Safeguards - Policy established to protect the rights of all parties involved in the education of children with disabilities

Provider - Person who serves a child and who has specific skills and training related to young children with special needs; examples of providers are an agency, one of its employees, a physician, or a therapist

Psychological Services - Services provided by a qualified psychologist who identifies and works with children who need help in developing thinking, learning and memory skills

PT - Physical Therapy; physical therapist

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Referral - Written compilation of information about a student who is experiencing problems which interfere with learning; summary includes results of screening and attempts to remedy student's difficulties

Related Services - Such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a student with disabilities to benefit from special education; includes such services as transportation, speech pathology & audiology, psychological services, physical & occupational therapies, recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities, and counseling & medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes

Resources - Strengths, abilities and supports that a family can use to meet its needs; may be formal or informal

RFP - Request for Proposal

RICC - Regional Interagency Coordinating Council

RPDC - Regional Professional Development Center

RRC - Regional Resource Centers

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SC - Service Coordinator

Screening - Process of identifying children in the general population, birth through twenty, who may be at risk of educational failure

SEA - State Education Agency

SEAP - Special Education Advisory Panel

Section 619 - Part B Special Education for ages 3-5

Service Coordination - Service provided by qualified personnel to assist families in navigating a system, ensure timely delivery of services, and work with families in the development of leadership skills; previously known as "case manager"

SICC - State Interagency Coordinating Council

SLP - Speech Language Pathology; speech language pathologist

Social-Emotional Development - Skills children develop that allow them to interact with others (e.g., playing, responding to adults and other children) and to express their emotions (e.g., anger, happiness, joy)

Social Work - Services provided by a social worker or other qualified person that may include coordination of needed services, advocacy, counseling information about and referral to needed resources, and intervention

Special Education - Specifically designed instruction, at no cost to the parent, to meet the unique needs of a child with disabilities, including the following:  classroom instruction; instruction in physical education; home instruction; and instruction in hospitals and institutions

Special Instruction - Education and learning services provided in the home or in a center by a specialist trained in the education of those with special developmental or behavioral needs

Speech Disorder - Difficulty with the mechanics of oral speech production observable in voice, articulation, fluency, or any combination of the above

Speech Language Therapy - Services provided by a qualified speech therapist/pathologist who helps identify and work with children to develop communication skills that could affect the child's ability to make sounds; may include swallowing and breathing techniques; these services can be provided in a variety of settings and ways

SPOE - System Point of Entry

SSDI - Social Security Disability Insurance

SSSH - State Schools for the Severely Handicapped

SSI - Supplemental Security Income

STEPS - Sequenced Transition to Education in the Public Schools

Surrogate parent - Persons appointed to act for the parent/guardian of a child with disabilities when the parents are unavailable, unknown, or when the child has been committed to the custody of a public agency or institution

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Transition - To move from one program to another, from hospital to home, from home to a program, to another community or state, from the early intervention system to public school, or out of First Steps; see Transition page

Transportation - Assistance in getting to some of the services listed on the IFSP

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USDOE - U.S. Department of Education

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Vision Services - Services related to a person's ability to see; may include evaluation of ability to see and special equipment (e.g., glasses, magnifying tools, large print books)

Visually Impaired - Limited visual acuity which, even with correction, adversely affects educational performance; includes partially sighted and blind

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