LESSON THREE: Using Details from Text to Identify Simple Cause and effect
o R3C The student will use details from the text to identify simple cause and effect.
Sources of Literature
o Picture of a rainy day
o Sticky notes
o Overhead or chalkboard
o Teacher observation checklist
o Cause/effect graphic organizer
Words to know
o cause and effect
o graphic organizer
Observe students in guided practice to determine understanding using the teacher observation checklist.
1. To prepare students to read for cause and effect, show a picture to students of a rainy or snowy day.
Has rain or snow ever changed your family plans for the day?
How did it change your plans?
2. On an overhead or on the board create a “cause and effect” graphic organizer using the anticipatory set example (may show other examples). “Think aloud” while completing the graphic organizer.
For the first few examples ask:
Why did it happen?
While writing the next cause on the graphic organizer, ask students to predict what an effect might be.
What could be a different effect for one of the causes given on the cause/effect chart the teacher composed?
What could be a different cause for one of the effects on the cause/effect chart?
Leave the completed cause/effect chart on display for students to refer to. Create a classroom exhibit of the students’ cause and effect relationships.
3. Provide each student two small “sticky notes”. Write “cause” on one note and “effect” on the other note. As students read a passage from a non-fiction text (example: science text on the water cycle) put sticky notes on a cause and effect.