LESSON SIX: Identify and Write Declarative and Interrogative Sentences in a Short Message
Students identify and write declarative/statement and interrogative/question sentences in a short message.
GRADE-LEVEL EXPECTATIONS ADDRESSED
W2F Compose well developed text using standard English conventions: Sentence construction
§ Sources of Literature
o Brown Bear Brown Bear What do you See? by Bill Martin Jr.; What Time is it? By Rozanne Williams; Who Painted the Porcupine Purple? By Lael Littke
o Large chart tablet
o Markers and pencils
o Student writing paper
o Student pointer
§ Handouts provided
o Writing a Message using Declarative and Interrogative Sentences teacher observation checklist
§ Words to know
o declarative sentence
o interrogative sentence
Observe students during cooperative learning activity to determine if they can identify and use declarative and interrogative sentences in a short message. Use Writing a Message Using Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Teacher Observation Checklist.
1. Select an appropriate picture book that contains examples of both declarative and interrogative sentences and share this story with the class. Example: Brown Bear, Brown Bear What Do You See? If possible, have a Big Book version available.
Can you use our story and find a declarative sentence? Show me a sentence that ends with a period.
What type of sentence is this?
Can you find an interrogative sentence? Show me a sentence that ends with a question mark.
What do we call this mark/question mark?
Can you list three words that might begin an interrogative sentence?
2. Share with the class a pre-written message on large chart paper about the story that was shared during the exercise in item one. Teacher discusses with the class that if he/she wanted to share this book with another class, he/she might write them a short message. Example: We just read a book about animals and colors. It had very pretty pictures. Have you ever seen a purple cat? This is a good book to put in your reading center.
§ Teacher asks the students to read the message silently.
§ Read the message out loud together.
§ Volunteers are selected to locate examples of declarative and interrogative sentences.
3. As a group re-read the message, but this time, “read the punctuation” as well. At the end of each sentence, make a sound for the punctuation and a hand motion. During the message keep the same sound and motion for each type of punctuation. Example: Period = “Beep” and make finger dot in the air. Question mark = “sh” and make a question mark in the air with your finger. Repeat this activity if necessary.
Have copies of books that contain both declarative and interrogative sentences.
4. In cooperative groups write a short message that tells about your guided reading book that you are reading at this time. Include three declarative sentences and one interrogative sentence. Work together and brainstorm your sentences. Each student in the group writes their own copy of the message.