LESSON FIVE: Review Cause and Effect, Draw Conclusions, Compare and Contrast
R3C The learner will be able to use details from the text to identify simple cause and effect, draw conclusions, and to compare and contrast texts.
§ Sources of literature
o Basic Venn diagram
o Journal books
o Paper and pencil
§ Handouts provided
o A basic Venn diagram
o A three columned table showing changes
§ Words to Know
o cause and effect
o draw conclusions
Students look at their table and write a paragraph describing what their item is like today. They identify the cause that made their improvement happen, what that effect was and might be in the future. Review drawing conclusions.
1. Review previous time discussed. Review vocabulary past and present. Model how to write a paragraph that compares and contrasts by writing a class paragraph. This paragraph should show the likenesses and differences noted in the class Venn Diagram.
Why is it important to understand where we are, where we have been and where we are going?
How would you describe the past to someone?
How would you use the information about the past to improve the future?
What way would you design a new water vessel?
How would you use your knowledge of the past, present and future?
How would you apply what you learned to develop plans for the future?
How would you compare the people of the past, present and the future?
2. Select something from the past that is still used today. How would you enhance it for the future? Use a three column table (with titles of past, present, future) to show improvements. Draw a picture of the item showing changes. Ex: slate and chalk, paper and pencil, laptop computer.
Discuss how cause and effect are at work. Show students items such as a gourd, dipper and a bottle of water, and discuss.
Cause and effect examples: Since we have many more people to feed we need to make harvesting foods faster with machines. We needed to cook our food faster so someone invented the microwave.
Discuss popular choices of beverage (graph and show health benefits).
Integration with other subjects is possible, such as health and nutrition now and then.
3. Review cause and effect. Explain that cause is what makes something happen. What happens is an effect. See suggestions for time period examples. Discuss reasons things have changed and why they need improvements. Students use a similar table, pick an item of their own, and draw it in the past and present, then draw it how it may be improved and appear in the future.