LESSON TWO: Using Details From the Text To Identify Cause And Effect
Students review cause and effect and continue working on their bookmark glossary and literature response journals.
R2C Use details from the text to identify cause and effect and to draw conclusions.
L1A Listen for enjoyment and information.
§ Sources of literature
o Rough Face Girl by Rafe Martin and David Shannon for partner reading
§ Handouts provided
o Cause and Effect T-chart
o Bookmark glossary
§ Words to know
o cause and effect
o draw conclusions
Cause and Effect T-chart, Literature Response journals, Bookmark glossary
1. Review cause and effect (mini-lesson) using Rough Face Girl by Rafe Martin and David Shannon with an interactive read aloud.
To prepare for this mini-lesson, preview the text and find several examples of cause and effect. Divide students into groups of twos and give each group a copy of the text. Discuss everyday cause/effect situations with the group. Read the text aloud to students, stopping at appropriate places in the text to write cause and effect examples on a T-chart. Gradually release the responsibility and allow students to provide examples.
2. Partners meet to discuss examples of cause and effect found in chapter three through five of The Sign of the Beaver by Elizabeth George Speare. Each group records examples of cause and effect on a T-chart which is shared with the class.
Cause and effect examples:
Matt let Ben come in to sleep – Ben stole his gun.
Matt didn’t latch the door tight – a bear came in.
3. With students in a group setting, discuss the lack of a table of contents for the book. As a group, students create titles for chapters one through five and record in their literature journals.
This activity continues throughout the unit, leading to a creation of individual Table of Contents for the text.
What is the purpose of a table of contents?
With the information the author gives you in chapter one, what would be a good title for that chapter?
What are some of the important events in chapter two?
What would be a good title to reflect the events in this chapter?
4. Students independently read chapters six through eight and record in the bookmark glossary. In their literature journals, record titles for the new chapters and three examples of cause and effect.