LESSON EIGHT:  Deciding which is a Fiction Text or Nonfiction Text

Students explore a variety fiction and nonfiction texts and decide which texts are fiction and which are nonfiction.



R1F:  Develop and apply with assistance, pre-reading strategies to aid comprehension—access prior knowledge, preview text and picture, and make general predictions.

R3A:  Develop awareness that text and pictures provide information.



Sources of Literature

§         None






Make mental notes of students’ ability to begin to identify a fiction text and a nonfiction text, which will be recorded later in anecdotal notes and on a checklist of all unit objectives.  At the end of this lesson, collect handouts and use as a work sample of students’ ability to begin to identify a fiction text and a nonfiction text.  Notes from this observation and others can be used to rate each student using the checklist at the end of this unit.




1.        Gather in the read aloud area and gain attention of students by using a class signal.


2.        Use the anchor charts from the previous lesson and review fiction and nonfiction.


3.        Choral read the anchor charts together.


4.        Tell students that today they are going to explore fiction and nonfiction books.  Tell them their job is to look at the books and decide if they are a fiction book or a non-fiction book.  Tell students when they decide to write the title on your handout under Fiction or Nonfiction. 


5.        Model with a student how to look through the text and decide if it is a fiction or a nonfiction text.  Use the charts.



Think aloud - This book has words under the pictures and pictures are about insects.  I see on chart we have pictures with words under them as nonfiction.


6.        Dismiss students a few at time to look at books.



Have several baskets with a variety of fiction and nonfiction books located around the room to prevent confusion.


7.        Students explore books individually. Circulate in the room and talk to students.





What do you notice about the book?

What do you notice about the pictures?

Why did you think this book is nonfiction?  Fiction?


8.       Use a class signal to gain student attention.  Students find a partner to share their information.


9.       Return to the whole group and ask a few students to share their findings.


10.    Collect handout with the titles listed from each student.



In a writing workshop students write and make a nonfiction book.  Students brainstorm writing ideas and research their topic.  Make books by attaching five to eight sheets of paper together.  Students make a cover and title page and then write a fact on each page.