LESSON ONE: KWL/Vocabulary Dictionary Drill
It is suggested that this lesson be divided into two separate sessions. Students independently complete part of a KWL chart and use that chart to determine additional knowledge about communities that might be necessary to understand the reading during this unit. In the next session, students participate in a dictionary drill to locate and define vocabulary words.
R1E Develop vocabulary through text using a glossary and dictionary
R1C Apply decoding strategies to independently problem solve unknown words when reading
W3B Identify information in written text to complete an organizer
§ Source of Literature
o Dictionary or glossary, sample glossary page
o Communities definition pages
o A classroom social studies text with a unit on communities may be used in place of the sample glossary
o Overhead projector and markers
§ Handouts provided
§ Words to know
o decoding strategies
Students use the KWL chart to determine additional knowledge about communities that might be necessary in order to understand the communities they will be reading about during this unit. In the second session, students independently complete the community definition page.
What is the definition of a community?
What are some characteristics of a community?
Can you give an example of a community/
Collect the KWL charts to determine what additional knowledge about communities might be necessary in order to have the students understand the communities why will be reading about during this unit.
Teacher Instructions for RIVET
§ Choose four to eight vocabulary words, including important names or words likely to be difficult for your students to decode.
§ Draw lines on the board or on the overhead to indicate the number of letters in each word.
§ Write the letters in each word, one at a time, pausing for a second after you write each letter and encouraging students to guess the word, then finish writing it.
§ When all the words are written, students use as many of the words as possible to make a prediction about what they will be learning about or what will happen in a given story. Share these predictions and record.
§ Students read the text and determine which of their predictions really happened.
A Dictionary Drill is done by writing the word on the board and seeing which team of students can locate the word first in the dictionary.
student one > read/call out word from the board
student two > find section of dictionary with the beginning letter
student three > find the word on the page
Student four > check if the correct word was found and call out, We found it!
Switch roles > one person clockwise each round
Depending on the ability of your students, you can also have them decide which of the given definitions best fits the content of what you are reading.
Adapt Dictionary Drill to include more resources.
student one > use the glossary from the social studies text
student two > use the dictionary
student three > use a computer
Each student will look up the word in their source (glossary, dictionary, computer) and read it to the group.
As a group, students will develop a definition of the term
If technology is available for the optional activity, have dictionary sites ready on your favorites list for students to access easily. One possible site is www.rhymezone.com
Cardinal Directions - Community
cardinal directions (kard' an al di rek' shenz) Cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west. The airplane pilot used the compass rose to find the cardinal directions on the map. (p. G8)
cause (kaz) Something that makes something else happen. The cause of the sunburn was too much sun. (p. 290)
channel (chan'al) A narrow waterway between two larger bodies of water. The ships sailed through the channel before reaching the ocean. (p. 256)
citizen (sit' a zan) A member of a community or country. Communities need citizens to work together to solve problems. (p. 11)
city council (sit'e koun'sal). Group of elected people who make the laws for a city. The city council meets in the town hall on Main Street. (p. 186)
Civil War (siv' al war) The war between the North and the South, 1861-1865. After the Civil War, African Americans were free from slavery. (p. 225)
classifying (klas'a fl ing) The grouping together of similar things. The movers classified the furniture into two groups: heavy pieces and light pieces. (p. 216)
cliff (klif) The high, steep face of a mountain or rock. The Anasazi lived in homes built into the cliffs. (p. 80)
climate (kit mit) The weather a place has I over a long period of time. Alaska has a cold climate. (p. 39)
coast (kost) The land next to an ocean. There are many beaches and ports along the California coast. (p. 52)
coastal plain (kos'tal . plan) The flat land along a coast. The settlers built farms along the coastal plain.(p. 100)
colonist (kol' a nist) Someone who lives in a colony. The colonists built a community at Jamestown. .(p. 103)
colony (kol' a ne) A place that is ruled by another, distant country. The King of England hoped that the colony at Jamestown would provide great riches. (p. 103)
communicate (ka mu'ni kat) To share idea, thoughts, or information with someone. Telephones help people communicate quickly. (p. 250)
community (ka mu ni te) A place where people live, work, and have fun together. It is usually made up of several different neighborhoods. Many people in Michael's community have fun by going to the beach during the summer. (p. 8)
Product Map Suburb
product map (prod'ukt map) A map that shows the places where goods are made and crops are grown. Tanya used a product map to find different products that are grown in Texas. (p. 302)
public property (pub'lik prop'ar te) land that has been set aside for all people to use. Many parks are built on public property. (p. 310)
publishing (pub'lish ing) The making and selling of books, magazines, CD-ROMs, musical scores, or other informational material. This book was made by a publishing company. (p. 280)
Recycling (re si'kling) Using something over again. Karen carried the bottles and cans to the bin for recycling. (p. 48)
reference (ref'ar ans) Type of book or other kind of stored information that contains facts on many different subjects. Susan looked at books in the reference section of the library for information on gardening. (p. 190)
renewable resource (ri nu' a bal re's6rs) Things found in nature that can be replaced. Water is a renewable resource. (p. 308)
research (ri surch') To look for information. To do their class report, students researched facts at the library. (p. 190)
robot (ro'bot) Machine that does jobs instead of people. Robots are often used to make cars and other products. (p. 314)
rural (rur' al) A community of farms or open country where distances are far between one place and another. Many fishing villages are located in rural communities. (p. 19)
scale (skal) A ruler on a map that measures distance. It helps you to find out the larger, real distance on Earth. The pilot used a scale to measure the distance between two cities on a map. (p. 22)
services (sur'vis az) Work that helps others by providing something they need or want. Restaurants provide a service by making food for customers. (p. 274)
slavery (sla'va re) The practice of one person owning another. President Abraham Lincoln wanted to end slavery. (p. 107)
South Pole (south pol) The place farthest south on Earth. Explorers and scientists travel to the South Pole. (p. G4)
suburb (sub'urb) A community located near a city. People who live in suburbs often work in nearby cities. (p. 18)
tax (taks) Money people pay to support the government. The colonists did not want to pay taxes to England. (p. 150)
technology (tek nol'a je) The use of skills, ideas, and tools to meet people's needs. Computers are an example of a technology that some people use every day. (p. 81)
telegraph (tel'i graf) To send messages long distances over wires, using special codes. The ambassador sent a telegraph from the United States to japan. (p. 252)
time line (tim nn) A strip marked off evenly in periods of time that shows events in the same order as they happened. The time line shows important events in the history of Washington, D.C. (p. 112)
town meeting (toun me'ting) A yearly gathering of town people to discuss and vote on community laws, rules, and other issues. At the town meeting, students introduced their plans for building a new park. (p. 187)
trade (trad) The buying and selling of goods
and services. Different countries around the world trade many kinds of products with each other. (p. 320)
transportation (trans par ta'shan) The moving of people or goods from one place to another. Buses and trains are important
types of transportation. (p. 19) .
transportation map (trans par ta'shan map) A map that shows the routes people can use to travel from place to place. Gary used a transportation map to locate the subway stops in the city. (p. 248)
urban (ur'ban) A community that includes the city and its surrounding areas. Many people in urban communities live in tall apartment buildings. (p. 17)
volunteer (vol an dr') Someone who does a job by choice, without pay. Communities need volunteers to deliver food to people who can't leave their homes. (p. 130)
wildlife (wild'nf) The animals that live in an area. Birds and fish are two types.
Answer key for Rivet