LESSON FOUR: Summarizing
Students focus on summarizing. Students learn to use a Rule-Based strategy to summarize. Students incorporate their note-taking strategies (learned in previous lesson) and the Rule-Based strategy to summarize two nonfiction articles. Students are asked to write a single paper that summarizes information from two sets of notes taken in Lesson Three.
W3D Summarize two or more articles and write a brief informational paper integrating supporting information form both sources
§ Source of Literature
§ Handouts provided
§ Words to know
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Assessment
Students use two sets of notes generated from Lesson Three to write a single paper summarizing the information and integrating both sets of notes.
1. In groups, identify skills needed to survive an adventure. After creating a list, groups pick the three most important skills. A representative from each group present his/her group’s top three. Create a master list and the class votes on the top three. The class discusses how picking the most important items is actually summarizing the opinion of the group.
What types of skills are needed to survive an adventure?
What three skills would be most important for survival?
Explain how picking the “most important” is similar to summarizing. Explain.
Have students work in groups of four and select one spokesperson for the group (Kagan 1994)
2. To effectively teach summarizing, use the Rule-Based strategy highlighted in Marzano’s Classroom Instruction That Works (Chapter 3, page 32). The Rule-Based strategy is a set of steps or rules used to produce a summary. These are the four basic steps:
Write the rules on a board for discussion or prepare a PowerPoint presentation. Show students an example of information that has been summarized using the Rule-Based strategy. There are several examples in Marzano’s book, Classroom Instruction That Works.
Gain permission to watch part of these programs. Examples of television shows could be Survivor, Law and Order, or CSI. Movies suggestions: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Star Wars or The Outsiders