LESSON FOUR: Putting it all Together
Students summarize information clearly and concisely in a multi-paragraph text routinely using an appropriate method for note-taking.
Marzano’s research has confirmed the importance of summarizing and note-taking in effective instruction. This lesson incorporates research-proven summarizing practices into the MAP-Plus Model Curriculum.
W3D Write a multi-paragraph text that summarizes large amounts of information clearly and concisely
§ Source of Literature
§ Handouts provided
o Formative Assessment for Lesson Four
§ Words to know
Using stimulus material, students practice the rule-based strategy to determine what material will be deleted, substituted, and kept. Students create a multi-paragraph summary of the text. Answer guide provided.
Why is summarizing a necessary skill?
Why is it necessary to summarize in complete sentences and paragraph form?
What is the difference between summarizing and paraphrasing?
In nonfiction texts, where are you likely to find the main idea?
What information is important to keep in its original format?
Student will need the following: The Rule-Based Strategy for summarization. (Marzano 30).
§ delete material: redundant or nonessential
§ substitute material; substitution of original material for terms that are more concise.
§ keep material: original wording of key information
Students should be aware of nonfiction text features:
§ headings, and subheadings, graphs and charts, topic sentences, etc. These often contain the main ideas.
§ summaries are approximately one-third the length of the original text.