Lesson One: Making Real-Life Connections and Introducing Expository Text
Students write steps to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich Their writing is used to model the direction-writing process. Using touchstone text, model expository text. Establish an anchor chart and develop a definition of expository text.
R3D Read and follow simple directions to perform a task.
§ Sources of Literature
o The Popcorn Book by Tomie dePaola
o Writers notebooks
o Writing folder
§ Handouts provided
o PBJ Writing Directions worksheet
§ Words to know
o exposition/expository writing
Students reflect on the peanut butter and jelly writing.
1. Discuss student experiences with making peanut butter and jelly sandwiches. Students pretend to explain to younger students how to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Distribute the PBJ writing directions handout.
2. After completing the assignment, students share their writing. Using writing examples, model the process using “real” ingredients and supplies. Explain that good directions are both precise and clear.
3. Read The Popcorn Book as an example of expository text.
Questions for Students
What do the characters tell how to do in this story?
What are key words in this book that show directions are being given?
How do you know they are key words?
4. Develop an anchor chart or web defining expository text. Refer back to The Popcorn Book previously read aloud and highlight specific elements that represent a high quality expository text.
5. Using their writer’s notebooks, ask students to reflect on their PBJ writing activity. Ask them what essential elements are necessary for quality expository writing?
6. Teacher circulates and confers with students as they reflect on their writing.